Sri Lanka is an Island famous for its 1,600 km of unspoilt, golden beaches. It's a paradise Island shaped like a tear drop in the Indian Ocean. Formerly known as Ceylon and famous for its wonderful Tea, Sri Lanka is a vibrant country with an incredible history. It's a country of 20 million people; rich in its diversity of culture, race, language and religion.
|Government||Sri Lanka is a free, independent and sovereign nation with a population of 20,926,315 million (July 2007 est.). Legislative power is exercised by a Parliament, elected by universal franchise on proportional representation basis. A President, who is also elected by the people, exercises executive power inclusive of defence. Sri Lanka enjoys a multi party system, and the people vote to elect a new government every six years.|
|Life Expectancy at Birth||74 female, 64 male|
|Languages||Sinhala, Tamil and English are widely spoken throughout Sri Lanka, with the exception of remote villages where it might be Sinhala only or Tamil only|
|Ethnic Groups||Sinhalese- 74 per cent; Tamil- 18 per cent; Muslim -7 per cent; Burgher (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese colonist) and others- 1 per cent|
|Religions||Buddhism- 70 per cent; Hinduism- 16 per cent; Christianity- 7 per cent; Islam-7 per cent|
Low Lands – tropical, average 27C
Central Hills – cooler, with temperatures dropping to 10C.
The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July, while the north-eastern monsoon is from December t0 January. Sri Lanka climate is ideal for holiday-makers throughout the year.
|GDP per capita PPP||US$ 4100|
|Industries||Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural commodities; clothing, cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco.|
|Agriculture - Products||Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, roots, spices, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, meat.|
|Currency||Sri Lankan Rupee. Current Exchange Rate against leading currencies: Click Here|
|Time Difference||Sri Lanka is 5 hrs. ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.|
|Banking hours||0900 hrs. to 1500 hrs., Mon-Fri.|
|Credit Cards||All the major credit and charge cards are widely accepted.|
|Electricity||Voltage : 230 – 240 volts 50 Cycles A.C.|
|Food||Many races have contributed to Sri Lanka's culinary diversity - Indians, Arabs, Portuguese, Dutch, British Malays, Chinese ..... as you can imagine the range of foods is immense!|
|What to Wear||All-year-round wear should be light cotton, drip-dry dresses and light-weight suits, Comfortable shoes or sandals, a wide-brimmed beach hat and sun glasses. However, in the hill country temperatures can drop to as low as 10’C|